Flatweave rugs are known for their versatility and no-pile construction. Flatweave rugs are less expensive than many other types of handmade rugs because they are produced on a loom without a base material, from common materials like wool, jute, cotton, and nylon. They are remarkably tough for their weight, especially in high traffic areas of the home. This category of rug construction includes some ancient weaves like kilims, dhurries and soumaks. Middle Eastern nations are known for their flatweave rugs and in some regions they are still handmade by crafters using patterns that are hundreds of years old.
Because these rugs are woven rather than knotted, flatweaves are thinner and generally less insulating than other rugs. However, the thinness of the rug enhances its versatility; flatweave rugs have been used for thousands of years as flooring, wall hangings, saddle pads, and prayer rugs. Many cultures continue to use them for these purposes.
Flatweaves have an almost unlimited variety of patterns and colors but because of their construction, their texture is limited. Their construction also means they are reversible - one side should be a mirror image of the other.