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Hand tufted rugs look and feel very similar to their hand knotted counterparts though they are generally less expensive and easier to make. Hand tufted rugs are usually created with fine wools and dyes so that the finished product is comparable to hand knotted rugs; however, hand-tufted area rugs take a fraction of the time to make. This allows them to be sold at a greatly reduced price so that consumers can get a quality, handmade rug and save a bit of money as well.
Surya produces some of the best quality Hand Tufted rugs in the industry. Watch this video for more information about Suryas Hand tufted rugs.
Hand tufted area rugs are made using a hand-operated tool that punches strands of fiber through a canvas that is stretched on a frame. The craftsman follow a design and add colors in a way that is reminiscent of paint-by-numbers. The wool is looped through the canvas backing that has been imprinted with the overall design. This backing is usually made of cotton. Next, the rug weaver adds another foundation called a scrim. The scrim can be a lightweight, translucent fabric or a coarse, heavy material depending on the design intent. An adhesive is added to the scrim to keep the fibers in place. Once the bonding agent dries, the final protective cloth backing is affixed to the rug. The final step is to sheer off the top of the loops on the rug. This creates the pile, which is the portion of the rug you see and come in contact with. Sometimes the pile is carved to add a textural effect to the rug.
The craftsmen who create these area rugs have acquired skills and a high level of expertise. Hand tufting requires hard work and accuracy in order to create an intricate, durable, and beautifully designed rug. Along with their beauty, these rugs can withstand high traffic areas if they are made with durable materials such as wool. The average life span of a hand tufted rug ranges from three to ten years depending on traffic. These traits make hand tufted rugs functional and economical, in addition to aesthetically pleasing. If you are interested in hand tufted rugs, you might also like Surya rugs.